Sabtu, 16 Mei 2009

My name is alexia ikko shelina monica, you can call me alexia or ikko...I'm fourteen years old....I'm school in SMADA PALANGKARAYA, i'm not good student in there....I like walking around,watching cartoon film,listen the music,reading a comic and the other activites that I feel enjoy for me.....Ok that all about me and my message for you BE YOUR SELF...!!!!

This is the material of my primbon :

             I.  NARRATIVE TEXT

Narrative text is someone tells to entertain,stimulate emotion or to teach.

The generic structures of narrative text are:
-Orientation : Introducing the characters of the story,the time and the place
The story happened(who/what,when and where)
-Complication : A series of events in which the main character attempt to solve
The problem.
-Resolution : The ending of the story containing the problem solution.

The function of narrative text are :
-To amuse or to entertain
-To deal with actual vicarious experience in different ways.

Kinds of narrative text are :
-fairy tale

Language features of narrative text are :
-Focus on specific and individualized participants
-Use of material process(action verb)
-Use some of behaviourial and verbal processes
-Use of relational process and mental process
-Use past tense
-Use of temporal conjunction and temporal circumstances.

Example of narrative text :
                                             Why do hawks hunt chicks?

           Once upon a time, a hawk fell in love with a hen.The hawk flew down
 From the sky and asked the hen,”Will you marry me?”

           The hen loved the brave, strong hawk and wished to marry him.
 But she said,” I cannot fly as high as you can. If you give me time, I may
 learn to fly as high as you. Then we can fly together.”

           The hawk agreed. Before he went away, he gave the hen a ring.
“This is to show that you have promised to marry me”, said the hawk.

           It so happened that the hen had already promised to marry
 A rooster. So, when the rooster saw the ring, he became very angry.
 “Throw that ring away at once!” shouted the rooster. The hen was so
 Frightened at the rooster’s anger that she threw away the ring immediately.

           When the hawk came a few months later the hen told him the truth.
The hawk whild was so furious that he cursed the hen,”Why you don’t
Tell me earlier? Now, you’ll always be stratching the earth, and I’ll always
 Be flaying above to catch your children,” said the hawk.

     The paragraph 1 : orientation
     The paragraph 2 and 4 : complication
      The paragraph 3 and 5 : resolution

     This story include of Fable………


A passive construction occurs when you make the object of an action
into the subject of a sentence.
The subject used as object in passive are :
-I = We
-You= you
-They= Them
-We= Us
-She= Her
-He= His
-It = Its
Formula :
1. Present tense
S+V1(s/es)+O > O+is/am/are+V3+by…..(s)
Ex :
A. Jane buys a new book in the shop
P. A new book is bought in the shop by jane (her)

2. Past tense
S+V2+O > O+was/were+V3+by…..(s)
Ex :
A. Tom wrote a latter for me
P. A latter for me was written by Tom (him)

3. Present continous
S+is/am/are(to be)+Ving+O > O+is/am/are+being+V3+by…(s)
Ex :
A. Father is reading newspapers
P. Newspapers are being read by father (him)

4. Past continous
S+was/were+Ving+O > O+was/were +being+V3+by….(s)
Ex :
A. Mother was making a cake in the kitchen
P. A cake was being made in the kitchen by mother (her)

5. Present perfect
S+has/have+V3+O > O+has/have+been+V3+by….(s)
Ex :
A. The teacher has given many homeworks for us
P. Many homeworks have been given for us by the teacher

6. Past perfect
S+had+V3+O > O+had+been+V3+by…(s)
Ex :

A. My uncle had built a new house in my town
P. A new house had been built in my town by my uncle

7. Present future
S+shall/will+V1+O > O+shall/will+be+V3+by…..(s)
Ex :
A. The girl will cut her hair tommorow
P. Her hair will be cut tomorrow by the girl

8. Past future
S+should/would+be+V1+O > O+should/would+be+V3+by…(s)
Ex :

A. We should sell our old furniture for them
P. Our old furniture would be sold for them by us

Note :
-The formula in the right is about passive voice
-The formula in the left is about active sentence
-A = active
-P = passive

            III. NOUN PHRASE

A noun phrase is either a single noun or pronoun or a group of words
containing a noun or a pronoun that function together as a noun
or pronoun, as the subject or object of a verb.
Ex :
-The people that I saw coming in the building at nine o’clock have just left
(The people that I saw coming in the building at nine o’clock is a lengthy
noun phrase, but it functions as the subject of the main verb
‘have just left’)

Structures of noun phrase :

1. Noun pre-modifiers is modifiers before the noun.
( Modify means to limit, restrict, characterize, or other wise focus
meaning ). All of pre-modifiers that are present and the noun
together form a noun phrase.

2. Noun post-odifiers is momdifiers that coming after a noun
Noun phrase = noun + modifiers
a noun phrase consists of a noun and all of its modifiers.
It can function in a sentence as a subject, object or compliment.

3. Noun phrase – pre-modifier + noun + post-modifier
The noun together with all pre- and post-modifiers constitutes
a single unit, a noun phrase that indicates the complete reference.

Ex :
1. Noun phrase > pre-modifiers + noun
a. White house ; here white is premodifier and house is a noun.
b. The three old Democratic legislators ; here the three old
Democratic is premodifier and legislator is a noun.

2. Noun phrase > noun + post-modifiers
a. The glass on the table ; here on the table is the post-modifier
b. The boy in the store ; her in the store is the post-modifier

3. Noun phrase > pre-modifier + noun +post-modifier
a. The boy on top of the house are………
here The is pre-modifier, boy is the noun, on top of the
house is the post-modifier.

Kind of noun phrase :

1. noun + noun
ex : office girl

2. verb +noun
ex : sing a song and read a book

3. gerund + noun
ex : dining room

4. pronoun + noun
ex : their fooT

5. adjective + noun
ex : black bird

6. determiner + noun
ex : a ruler and a mirror